Migration of the loon; green for summer, red for winter
Migration of the loon; green for summer, red for winter
 
 
Loon sitting on her nest
Loon sitting on her nest
 
 
Baby loon with its mother
Baby loon with its mother
 
 
Notice the red eye of the loon
Notice the red eye of the loon
 
 
Loon swimming in a lake
Loon swimming in a lake
 
 
Loons can swim very fast
Loons can swim very fast
 
Loon
Topic(s):   Birds, Wetland Animals
Quick Facts
Type of Animal bird
Habitat wetland, freshwater lakes, large ponds
Diet fish, crayfish, leeches, shrimp, frogs, insects
Migration yes
Male drake
Female duck
Baby duckling
Group flock
Predators of eggs/young gulls, crows, ravens, raccoons, skunks, minks and weasels, snapping turtles, large fish
Predators of adults bald eagles, otters
State bird Minnesota
Endangered no

The loon looks unreal. Its red eyes, black head and black and white checked back make it look like a carving. At two to three feet (60 to 90 centimeters) long, it is larger than a duck but smaller than a goose. The male and female look alike, but the male is slightly larger. The loon sounds unreal, too. It has a few different calls. One sounds like crazy laughter. Another sounds like a wolf.

In summer, the loon can be found in Canada and the northern United States. In winter, it goes to the Gulf of Mexico and the east and west coasts of North America.

The loon is fast in the water and the air. It cannot walk well on land, though. It builds its nest close to deep water. Sometimes it builds a nest on floating debris, a muskrat mound or an island. The nest is about two feet (60 centimeters) wide. It is made of grass, mud, or whatever is handy.

The mother lays two eggs at a time. They are olive colored with dark specks. The eggs hatch in 21 to 36 days. One or two days later, the babies leave the nest. They swim with their parents or ride on their backs.

Citation information

APA Style: Loon. (2013, December). Retrieved from Facts4Me at http://www.facts4me.com

MLA Style: "Loon." Facts4Me. Dec. 2013. http://www.facts4me.com.

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