Mangrove trees
Mangrove trees
 
 
Rice fields
Rice fields
 
 
Purple Gallinule and water lilies
Purple Gallinule and water lilies
 
 
Beaver
Beaver
 
 
Alligator
Alligator
 
 
Peat bog
Peat bog
 
 
Marsh
Marsh
 
Wetland
Topic(s):   Biomes, Habitats
Quick Facts
Location all continents except Antarctica
Temperature Range -60F to 122F (-51C to 50C)
Area of coverage 3,450,000 square miles (9,000,000 square kilometers)
Plants mangrove trees, cypress trees, rice, cattails, water lilies, reeds
Animals ducks, geese, beavers, alligators, crocodiles, insects, frogs, fish

A wetland is a place where the ground is wet most of the year. Water does not drain well. A wetland can cover many miles of land. It can also be as small as a puddle. A wetland soaks up water like a sponge.

A wetland has three layers. In the top layer, plants stick out of the water. They have roots in the soft soil. The middle layer has floating plants. The roots of the floating plants hang in the water. The bottom layer of plants lives totally under the water.

A marsh is a wetland. A marsh is usually shallow with no trees. The bottom is soft and muddy. Plants grow or float in marshes.

A bog and a swamp are wetlands, too. A bog has thick plants that float on top. Animals can walk on these plants. Peat is found in bogs. Peat is rotted plant matter. A swamp has trees and grasses growing in the soggy dirt. A swamp is usually found by flooded riverbanks.

A wetland might not always be wet. Wetlands near the ocean are filled with salt water. High tides flood the wetland. The water drains out during low tide. Some wetlands have fresh water. The area may be wet in the spring but dry in the summer.

Wetlands are important to people. Water is filtered through the plants for underground drinking water. Furniture is made from wetland trees. Skins from wetland animals are used for clothing. Peat from bogs is used for fuel.

Check out Wetland Animals topic

Citation information

APA Style: Wetland. (2014, September). Retrieved from Facts4Me at https://www.facts4me.com

MLA Style: "Wetland." Facts4Me. Sep. 2014. https://www.facts4me.com.

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